|Bad photo of the wheat (ignore that planting skip in the middle of the photo)|
|Better photo of the wheat (it's actually greener than it looks and try to ignore that bare spot)|
Winter wheat usually has the fertilizer applied both at planting and then it's topdressed in late winter before it starts to come out of dormancy. Depending on who you talk to, about a third of the required nitrogen should be applied at planting and then the wheat is topdressed with the rest of the nitrogen some time around January or February, or half the nitrogen is applied at planting and half is applied at topdressing.
I usually apply half at planting and then the other half when I topdress. It's supposed to take approximately 2 lb. of N per bushel of wheat (within reason), so I shoot for a reasonable yield and then apply that much nitrogen but usually don't include the amount of nitrogen in my soil tests in those calculations.
For what little rain we've gotten this winter (somewhere around 3 inches?) and how cold it's gotten at times (16 degrees more than once), the wheat doesn't look too bad, is weed-free so far, and might actually make a pretty decent crop. Now that I've got everything fertilized, I'm itching to see the wheat come out of dormancy and start growing this spring, and about four months from now, I'll be able to tell what sort of wheat crop I actually have.